Disease Specific Issues in the Hispanic Community
The links listed below contain relevant data pertaining to disease-specific health issues affecting the
Hispanic community in the the United States.
- In 2009, about 1,721,000 Hispanics reported that they currently have asthma.
- Puerto Rican Americans have over twice the asthma rate as compared to the overall Hispanic population.
- Hispanic children are 60% more likely to have asthma, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites.
- Source: CDC 2007. National Surveillance for Asthma - United States, 1980-2004. Table 2.
- Hispanic American men and women generally have lower cancer rates than the non-Hispanic white population. However, disparities still exist in certain types of cancer.
Chronic Liver Disease
- In 2007, Hispanic men were 30% less likely to have prostate cancer as non-Hispanic white men.
- Hispanic women were also 30% less likely to have breast cancer as white women.
- Hispanic women are almost twice as likely to have cervical cancer, and 1.5 times more likely to die from cervical cancer as compared to non-Hispanic White women.
- Source: CDC, 2011. Health United States, 2010. Table 47. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus10.pdf
- Among the Hispanic/Latino population, chronic liver disease is a leading cause of death. While the cause is not always known, some cases can be initiated by conditions such as chronic alcoholism, obesity, and exposure to Hepatitis B and C viruses.
- In 2008, chronic liver disease was the sixth leading cause of death for all Hispanic men, and the third leading cause of death for Hispanic men, ages 55-64. 1
- Both Hispanic men and women have a chronic liver disease rate that is twice that of the White population.
- Hispanic men and women are 1.7 and 1.9 times more likely to die respectively from liver and IBD cancer than their White counterparts.
- Source: NCI 2011. Seer Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2008. Tables 2.15, and 14.15
- Mexican American adults are 1.9 times more likely than non-Hispanic white adults to have been diagnosed with diabetes by a physician.
- In 2006, Hispanics were 1.7 times as likely to start treatment for end-stage renal disease related to diabetes, compared to non-Hispanic white men.
- In 2006, Hispanics were 1.5 times as likely as non-Hispanic Whites to die from diabetes.
- Effects of Acculturation on a Culturally Adapted Diabetes Intervention for Latinas. Barrera, M. Jr; Toobert, D.; et al. Health Psychology, v. 31, #1 (January), p. 51-40, 2012.
- Source: CDC, 2010. Health United States, 2009. Table 51. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus09.pdf
-In general, Hispanic American adults are 20% less likely to have coronary heart disease than non-Hispanic white adults. They are also less likely to die from heart disease than non-Hispanic white adults.
- In 2010, Hispanics were 20% less likely to have heart disease, compared to non-Hispanic whites.
- In 2008, Hispanic men and women were 40% less likely to die from heart disease, compared to non-Hispanic whites.
- Source: CDC 2011. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2010. Table 2.
- Among all ethnic groups in 2009, Hispanics had the second highest incidence of Hepatitis A.
- Hispanics are twice as likely to be diagnosed with Hepatitis A than non-Hispanic Whites.
- Hispanics are twice as likely to die from viral hepatitis, as compared to Whites.
- Source: CDC, 2010. Deaths: Final Data for 2007. National vital statistics reports; vol. 58, no. 19. Table 17. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr58/nvsr58_19.pdf
- Hispanic Americans accounted for 17% of all HIV infection cases in 2009.
- Hispanic males are almost 3 times as likely to have AIDS as compared to white males.
- Hispanic females are 5.3 times as likely to have AIDS in 2008 as White females.
- In 2009, Hispanic females were 5 times more likely to be diagnosed with HIV infection, as compared to White females.
- Source: CDC 2011. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2009, v.21. Table 3a.
- Poverty level affects mental health status. Hispanics living below the poverty level, as compared to Hispanics over twice the poverty level, are twice as likely to report psychological distress.
- The death rate from suicide for Hispanic men is five times the rate for Hispanic women, in 2005.
- Suicide attempts for Hispanic girls, grades 9-12, were 80% higher than for White girls in the same age group, in 2005.
- Source: CDC, 2009. Health United States, 2008. Table 61.
- Among Mexican American women, 73 percent are overweight or obese, as compared to only 61.6 percent of the general female population.1
- In 2009, Hispanic Americans were 1.2 times as likely to be obese than Non-Hispanic Whites.
- From 2005-2008, Mexican American women were 30% more likely to be overweight, as compared to Non-Hispanic Whites.
- Food Insecurity and Low Self-Efficacy are Associated with Health Care Access Barriers among Puerto-Ricans with Type 2 Diabetes. Kollannoor-Samuel, G.; Vega-López, S.; et al. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, v.14, #4, p.552-562, 2012.
- Source: CDC 2010. Health United States, 2009. Table 72.
- Hispanic American adults have similar risks of suffering from a stroke as their non-Hispanic White adult counterparts. They are less likely to die from a stroke and they have lower rates of hypertension and high cholesterol as non-Hispanic white adults. However, Hispanic women are 20 percent more likely to have a stroke than non-Hispanic White Women.